Already, at the beginning of winter, it's time to think about what kind of tomato seeds to buy next season. After all, before planting tomatoes in the garden, you need to grow seedlings. This process is rather painstaking, but the harvest of fresh vegetables will delight the host and his guests throughout the summer season.
In this article we will try to identify the 10 best varieties of tomatoes, classify hybrids and varieties according to various characteristics, and recommend the best varieties of tomatoes for 2019.
Why do you need to plant tomatoes
Tomatoes came to Russia from South America, these fruits are very fond of the sun and heat. However, this did not prevent the breeders from bringing in tomato varieties suitable for planting even in Siberia.
Today, no summer cottage can not do without bushes with tomatoes. After all, tomato is a very useful berry, it contains lycopene, an antioxidant that promotes cell regeneration and prevents aging and development of cancer cells.
In addition, the fruits of tomatoes have a large amount of vitamins A and C, several trace elements, which makes this vegetable not only very tasty, but also incredibly useful.
The universality of the tomato also played a significant role in its prevalence. After all, tomatoes can not only be eaten fresh and added to salads, they are made into unique sauces, dried, dried, canned, pickled and even squeezed out.
Gardeners, who decide to grow tomatoes, should be prepared for some capriciousness of this crop, you need to take care of the tomatoes - they themselves will not grow. But each bush can please the owner of the site with several kilograms of excellent fresh vegetables.
How to determine the best varieties of tomato for planting
Making a ranking of the best tomatoes is not so easy. After all, today there are more than 7.5 thousand types of these vegetables, and every year there are more and more varieties and hybrids of tomatoes.
In order to understand which tomatoes are better, first of all it is necessary to decide which requirements are put forward to the tomatoes. For example, it may be a dozen:
- the earliest tomatoes;
- suitable for open ground;
- grown in greenhouses;
- different unusual characteristics (non-standard color, shape, taste);
- new breeding developments in 2019;
- proven varieties of years and so on.
10 best early ripe tomato varieties
The speed of ripening vegetables is especially important in the climatic conditions of Russia. There is a relatively short summer here: at first spring frosts threaten the tomatoes, then an autumnal cold snap is coming.
To the tomatoes had time to ripen and give the owner the fruit, their seeds are planted on seedlings in early March.
Only grown, matured and hardened seedlings can be planted in open ground. They do this not earlier than mid-May, and then, at night, it is better to cover the bushes with plastic wrap or special agrofibre.
"My love F1"
The early ripe hybrid is suitable for cultivation in greenhouses, hotbeds and on open beds. In the greenhouse, the bushes grow up to 120 cm, and in the garden the bushes will be small - about 70 cm. The plant is determinant - it regulates the height of the bush itself, as a rule, the tomato stops growing after the appearance of five inflorescences.
To tomato began to bear fruit earlier, it is better to stepchild. But in the open field to form a bush and break off shoots is not necessary, it can be done only for greenhouse plants.
Tomatoes grow large - the weight of each reaches 200 grams. Pulp of their average density, sugary. The peel is thin, glossy. The color of the tomatoes is bright red. Tastes are high - the fruits are juicy and fragrant, suitable for canning, preparing juices and sauces. You can find out the tomato "My Love" by a slightly elongated shape and a small nose on the bottom of the fetus.
From each bush you can remove a maximum of 5 kilograms of tomatoes. Most often, the entire crop is harvested twice, as the fruits ripen at the same time and quickly. Due to the speed of ripening (85 days), it is possible to harvest the entire crop before the onset of nighttime coolness, which avoids plant infection with late blight.
Another early ripe determinant tomato. Plants are quite short, giving large fruits. The variety is suitable for film shelters and for growing in garden beds.
The height of the bushes is only 60-65 cm, but it is better to shoot the shoots and tie up the stem. The fruits are ball-shaped, slightly flattened. The peel of tomatoes is smooth and shiny. The color of the tomato is red. The taste is pleasant, sour. Fruits do not crack. The weight of each is about 250 grams.
The best destination for tomatoes of the "Red Rooster" variety is the preparation of early salads and fresh consumption.
The variety is distinguished by unpretentiousness and resistance to diseases and cooling.
Low-growth tomato early ripening. It is possible to grow up a grade in greenhouses or on an open ground. The height reaches a maximum of 100 cm, so the plant must be tied up and partially graded.
It is most effective to grow a tomato "First-grader" in three stems - so the crop will be maximum. Tomatoes have the shape of a slightly flattened ball, the color of fruits at the stage of maturity is bright pink. The flesh is juicy, sugary. Taste, as for early ripe tomatoes, excellent. Fruits contain a large amount of lycopene and sugars.
Tomato weight - 150-200 grams. Such tomatoes are best consumed fresh, canned, cut into pieces or used to make juice.
To fall in love with these bright yellow tomatoes helps photography. Variety refers to the early ripening, is considered indeterminate. When grown under film or in a greenhouse, tomatoes reach a height of 200 cm. In the open field, the bushes will be lower.
Plants definitely need to tie up and break off side shoots - it is best to form a bush in two stalks.
Ripe tomatoes are colored lemon-yellow, have a flat-round shape, glossy peel. The taste of the fruit - pronounced, "tomato". Inside the tomato there is little seed, the pulp is juicy, dense. Most of all these tomatoes are suitable for the preparation of dietary or children's products, fresh consumption.
The variety not only ripens very quickly (87 days), but is also famous for its unpretentiousness. Shrubs grow small, but bulky, and therefore need to be tied to a support or partially removed lateral shoots.
Tomatoes have the shape of a ball, painted in a rich red color. The taste of the fruit is pronounced. Tomatoes are best suited for making fresh salads, but they can also be processed.
They appreciate the grade "Skorospelka" for resistance to low temperatures - even in cool weather a large number of fruits are fastened on the bushes. Tomato ripen quickly and together, which allows you to harvest before the onset of cold autumn.
This tomato can be attributed to mid-season, as the fruits ripen only on the 115th day after sowing seeds. But the fruits are distinguished by a rich, characteristic "tomato" taste and aroma.
Bushes are small, compact, fruits are large, fleshy. The shape of the tomatoes is round, the color is red. The average weight of a tomato is about 200 grams. In order for the taste of the fruit to be excellent, it must be allowed to fully mature.
Gardeners appreciate the variety "Family" for high yield, unpretentiousness, excellent taste characteristics.
Semi-determinant tomato of early terms of ripening. The height of the bushes in the garden can reach 100 cm, in the greenhouse tomatoes will grow even more. Stems must be tied to a support, shoots - stepson.
The form of tomatoes is oval, in the stage of maturity the fruits are painted in a dark red shade. The mass of each tomato is about 280 grams, the pulp is fleshy with sugar grains at the break. Tomatoes are great for fresh consumption and processing, have a good taste and aroma.
Determinant plant with early ripening. Bushes grow up to 50-70 cm, they must be tied up on a support and pinch the side shoots. You can grow these tomatoes both in the greenhouse and on the garden.
The density of tomatoes is average, the size is small, the weight of the fruit is about 80 grams. The flesh has an average density, taste quite pleasant. The color of ripe tomatoes is deep pink. The small size of the fruit allows you to use them for canning and pickling in general.
Tomato ripens on the 95th day after sowing seeds. The plant belongs to the semi-determinant, the height of the bushes in the greenhouse can reach 120 cm. Tomatoes must be tied up and partly stepson.
Fruits ripen in clusters, on each of which at the same time appears on 7-9 tomatoes. On each bush is about 10-12 such brushes.
Tomatoes in a mature form are colored red, have a rounded shape and medium size, their weight is about 150 grams. Taste characteristics are good. Tomato is perfect for canning and cooking fresh salads.
The special value of the hybrid in its resistance to diseases, adverse climatic features, good keeping quality and suitability for transportation.
Determinant tomato, with ultra early ripening - the first vegetables can be enjoyed already on the 75th day after planting in the ground.
Suitable for growing in greenhouses and open beds. The height of the bushes is only 50 cm, they do not need to be beaded, but it is better to tie it to a support.
In each inflorescence forms 6-8 tomatoes. Their shape is rounded, the surface is smooth. Tomatoes do not crack, have juicy pulp and pleasant taste. The mass of each tomato is about 100 grams. Most often, "Aphrodite" is used for pickling, pickling, preservation.
The harvest can be transported over long distances, the fruits can lie for a long time without loss of quality (photos of tomatoes of this variety can be seen below).
The most fruitful tomatoes
Of course, most of all any gardener cares about the question: "What varieties will be better to bear fruit?". After all, rarely for whom are the best varieties of tomatoes - those that have an exotic appearance, as in this photo, for example.
The TOP 10 of the most productive varieties and hybrids were helped by reviews of gardeners who grow the same tomatoes every summer.
Early ripe determinant tomato, allowing to harvest already on the 95th day after planting seedlings for seedlings.
A distinctive feature of the hybrid - a unique resistance and fecundity. With a bush height of only 35-45 cm, up to 10 kg of crop can be collected from each square meter of land.
Bushes are so compact that they do not need to tie up, and even more so to pinch. Even in extreme heat, fruit sticking is very high.
Tomatoes are colored red. Their shape is perfectly smooth - a circle or a small oval. The mass of each fruit - 50-70 grams. Size, density of tomatoes, the thickness of their peel are great for canning whole fruits. But fresh tomatoes are also very tasty - juicy and fragrant.
Srednemanny tomato - ripens on the 105th day after planting. Bushes are small, compact. The plant is resistant, therefore suitable for growing in the north of the country.
The height of the bushes 50-60 cm, they do not need to pinch, but be sure to be tied to a support. Tomatoes are round, with a slight ribbing. The density of the pulp is average. Tastes are high. Tomato weight 200-300 grams. These tomatoes are very tasty fresh, but they are also suitable for processing, canning.
The plant withstand low temperatures withstand, due to early maturation, is not afraid of late blight and frost.
This variety belongs to the middle late - the fruits ripen by the 115th day after planting. Bushes sredneroslye, determinant type. Plant height reaches 100 cm, they must be tied up and partially pinned.
Rio Grand have the shape of a plum, are painted in bright red color, have dense flesh. Different sweet taste, very tasty and fragrant. The mass of each tomato is an average of 120 grams. Due to the thick skin, tomatoes can be transported and stored for a long time, great for whole-canning.
Appreciate a grade for unpretentiousness, resistance to a strong heat, rare watering, high productivity.
Early ripe determinant tomatoes, whose height reaches 70 cm. The tomato has a high yield and large fruit sizes, the bushes must be firmly tied up on a support.
Tomatoes are round, slightly flattened. Their color is bright red. The mass of each tomato can reach 900 grams, on average it is 500-600 grams. Tomatoes are very juicy, meaty and sweet. They are beautiful in sauces, tomatoes, fresh salads.
With each bush you can get up to six pounds of crop.
Small bushes of this variety reach only 40 cm in height. Fruits ripen on the 120th day after planting.
Small tomatoes are painted in dark red color, have an elongated shape and dense skin. The mass of each tomato is about 40-75 grams. The taste of these tomatoes is excellent, with a pronounced aroma. Perfectly suited for canning and pickling.
Plants stand firm against common diseases and low temperatures.
The grade intended for an open ground. Tomatoes ripen on the 120th day after planting, so they have a pronounced taste and strong aroma.
Bushes are small, compact, their height reaches 80 cm. The fruits are very tasty, have a rounded shape, glossy surface. The mass of one tomato is 150 grams. The flesh is fleshy, juicy. It is good to use tomatoes for canning in a whole look, for preparation of fresh salads.
Review of tomato "Astrakhan"Stepanova I.V, 63 years old, the city of Stavropol I live in Stavropol, there are very dense soils and hot summer. It is difficult to choose good tomatoes for such conditions, but "Astrakhansky" fits perfectly. The yield of tomato is not affected either by intense heat, wind or drought - in any case, I collect about four kilograms of vegetables from each bush. Tomatoes are great for pickling, have a great fresh taste. Another advantage is that the variety is not afraid of diseases, just like top rot, TMV, Egyptian broomrape. I recommend "Astrakhansky" as a win-win option, giving consistently high yields.
I recommend "Astrakhansky" as a win-win option, giving consistently high yields.
Variety belonging to the Siberian selection, and therefore, resistant to low temperatures, late blight. Standard shrubs, low - up to 70 cm.
Tomatoes are painted red, have the form of cream, differ in excellent taste with slightly noticeable sourness. The average weight of tomatoes is 100 grams, they are great for whole-canning.
"Little Red Riding Hood"
The bushes of this tomato are low, very compact, they need to be pinched before the first ovary.
Fruits ripen early, have a round shape, painted red. The flesh is medium density, the taste is good, strong aroma. Tomatoes are suitable for any purpose: canning, cooking salads, processing into juices or sauces.
Srednerosly tomato with medium ripening. Bushes reach 120 cm in height, suitable for growing in the greenhouse and on the beds. Be sure to need tying and pasynkovanii.
Each brush has 5-6 fruits - large cream of red color. Tomatoes are very tasty and fragrant, the mass of each can reach 200 grams. These fruits are well preserved - they have dense rind and flesh, tomatoes retain their shape after salting.
One of the most ancient varieties, has long been known throughout the world. Indeterminate plant, requiring pasynkovaniya and garters to support.
Tomatoes ripening on tall bushes are small in size, round in shape, painted red. The mass of one tomato does not exceed 60 grams, which makes them suitable for canning and salting.
It is necessary to choose the best tomatoes, having read reviews of gardeners with the experience, having studied a photo of bushes and fruits with the description of a grade. Only by trying, you can find out the result, so every season you need to supplement your favorite tomatoes with at least one new variety.