Honey flowers with photos and names will help you choose plants that are the main suppliers of pollen and nectar for the production of honey. Different periods of flowering provide insects with raw materials for the entire period of honey collection. They grow in the wild, and they are also specially planted near beekeeping farms and in gardens near small home apiaries.
What kind of flowers do bees like
Bees in the process of collecting nectar are the main pollinators of flowering plants. A variety of flora directly depends on insects and butterflies that feed on nectar. To collect 1 g of honey, a bee flies about 5,000 flowers a day. Per minute pollinates up to 15 pcs. Therefore, the closer the honey plants are located, the less the bees spend time on the flight.
There are several criteria by which insects choose the object of collecting nectar. Most visited flowers:
- bright yellow;
The main cluster of bees on the blue flowers honey. The color scheme of a bee, unlike a person, is perceived differently, except for blue. For them, it is bright, as for us. As a comparison, the bees see the orange color as light yellow with a green tint.
The signal for the bees is the aroma; the stronger the smell emitted by the flowers, the more nectar can be collected. On plants without smell, pollinators practically do not occur. Unappealing to bees are red and white flowers. Near the lilac of a shade of purple and white landed next to them, a cluster of bees will be on the first.
Garden flowers honey plants
For greater productivity, beehives with bees are taken closer to the fields with honey plants. Near stationary apiaries, they sow a territory with flowering crops that emit a large amount of pollen and nectar. In economic terms, this measure is multifunctional, the plants go to feed animals, are used in industry, are raw materials for bee products.
Sunflower is cultivated in the Chernozem zone, in the South, Transcaucasia. The culture of industrial and agricultural purposes, from the seeds produce oil, the cake is used for animal feed. Sunflower blooms in mid-July, duration - 30 days.
Sunflower grows to 1.8 m, forms a thick stalk, on which large oblong leaves with jagged edges are located. At the end of the stem are large-sized inflorescences. The core of the basket consists of numerous small tubular flowers. Along the edge are orange petals, their function is to attract pollinators with color and smell. The time of gathering nectar is in the morning. A strong family gathers up to 4 kg of nectar per day. For the entire period, the honey flower gives 65 kg per 1 ha.
Mustard - cruciferous, dicotyledonous plant, distributed throughout the territory of Russia. In the wild, it grows on roadsides, wastelands. They are purposefully planted around apiaries, the flowers produce a large amount of pollen, they are a honey plant. Flowering period - 30 days, from June to July.
Description of mustard:
- 65 cm high;
- a grassy shrub is formed by long, thin, stiff stems branched from above;
- intense foliage, leaves elongated, pinnate, formed from the middle of the stem;
- flowers of bright yellow color are collected in large inflorescences of 70 pcs. and more.
Collecting nectar passes all daylight hours. Medoproduktivnosti plants - 80 kg / 1 ha.
The most common and productive honey plant, belongs to the legume family. It is distributed everywhere, except for the Far North. Flowers form gradually, so the flowering time - from the beginning of July to the end of September. Planted near large beekeeping farms to increase productivity. Honey from clover refers to the category of elite.
It grows up to 1.5 m. The inflorescences are bright yellow, collected from long brushes. Triple leaves with sharp fine teeth on the edge. The clover blossoms in large quantities, regardless of weather conditions, constantly produces large amounts of nectar and pollen, and has a strong aroma. Bees take raw honey for the whole day. Gives up to 200 kg of nectar from 1 ha.
A stationary apiary located in a private yard, for the honey to be more productive, a close arrangement of honey flowers is necessary. Honey flowers for planting in the garden plot are chosen according to the climatic features of the region. To provide the bees with raw materials, take into account the timing of flowering and medoproduktivnost. Not the last role played by the design factor.
Colchicum honey plant
Honey flowers for bees form a perennial colchicum or winte. The representative of the family Lily belongs to the latest honey. In the spring there are leaves and fruits, blooms in autumn - in early September until early November. Such a development is not peculiar to bulbous ones, because of the unusual vegetation the plant got its name.
- up to 15 cm;
- perianth with accrete petals;
- the shape of a light purple flower in the form of a thin, elongated at the base, funnel;
- leaves are round, dark green, few.
In the wild, it grows in wetlands and wet meadows. A honey melliferous colchicum is planted in the garden especially for bees by the daughter bulbs. It is difficult to determine medoproduktivnost, nectar of the wintera is part of the polyflero (mixed) honey.
Medonos Astra marsh
Astra marsh (floating, salt marsh) is a biennial plant of the Compositae family. It grows in saline meadows of the south-east of the European part of the Russian Federation, Western Siberia, the Crimea, in the Caucasus. The main cluster is on the Kuban's plains. The flower is a honey plant of autumn bloom from the second decade of July to the end of September.
- height - up to 45 cm;
- a large number of thin, branched stems form from the root;
- lower leaves large in the form of an elongated oval, lanceolate with smooth edges, stem narrow, elongated;
- flowered baskets of light blue color, located at the ends of branches.
Prized as an autumn honey plant, the peak of flowering occurs in mid-September, when most of the plants have blossomed. Astra produces a large amount of nectar, honey turns out light, transparent. Medoproduktivnosti plants - 100 kg / 1 ha.
Honey plant chamomile
It fits well into the landscape of a honey flower for the garden - Dalmatian daisy. It occupies the leading place in the production of nectar among the representatives of its own species. Not found in the wild. It prefers a warm climate, distributed in the south, Rostov region, the North Caucasus.
It blooms in early May and is the first source of nectar after bees hibernating. Spring honey from chamomile quickly crystallizes, is used by bees to feed and feed offspring.
The perennial flower has a deep root system, in the spring it forms numerous stems that reach up to 70 cm. The leaves are rounded in shape, they form at the base of the stem, and the flowers on its upper part. The inflorescence is medium in size with a bright yellow core and white petals along the edge.
The duration of camomile blooming is 1 month. Medoproduktivnost - 65 kg with 1 ha.
Perennial shrubs in the wild grows in Bulgaria, the Southern Carpathians. In Russia, lilacs are planted throughout the territory to Western Siberia. Blooms in late April, the flowering period - 65 days.
External description of the flower honey plant:
- bush height - up to 8 m;
- spreading crown, branches of gray with a brown tinge;
- leaves with a smooth surface, heart-shaped;
- inflorescences are collected in a long cone-shaped brush;
- depending on the variety, the flowers are blue, white, crimson, purple.
Lilac secretes essential oils, their smell attracts bees. Honey obtained from the nectar of shrubs, is part of the mixed, the productivity of the plant is not defined.
What flowers bloom in May for bees
The main honey harvesting by bees occurs in the summer. Spring honey is produced in a smaller amount, insects do not use it for the winter tab. Goes to food adults, uterus and brood. May flowers, honey plants for bees that grow in the wild, quite a few.
One of the early spring flowers from the aster family. It grows in the wild everywhere. Dandelion supports honey collection after wintering bees. Blossoms in early May, the flowering period within 25 days.
Perennial 20-30 cm tall. From the root gives lanceolate leaves of a light green color. Inflorescence is located on the stem-arrow, consists of a set of thin, long petals of yellow color.
The collection of nectar is carried out by bees in the morning. In cloudy weather, the inflorescences are not disclosed, the dandelion does not produce nectar. From 1 hectare 17 kg of honey is obtained. It is not stored for a long time, it has a specific bitter taste.
A perennial plant of the Astrov family. Distributed throughout Russia. Grows on elevated places:
- the slopes of ravines;
- railway embankment;
- on the side of the road.
The growing season begins at the first spring thaw, flowering - in early April, lasting 40 days.
Coltsfoot has a strong creeping rhizome, from which grow short stalks in the form of processes. On each, a bright yellow inflorescence is formed, consisting of reed flowers along the edge, tubular in the center.
One of the first spring honey plants, so the bees actively fly around the plant without missing a single flower. Medoproduktivnost - 18 kg / 1 ha. Honey is light, sparse with a pleasant smell and taste.
Honey flowers blooming in summer
The main types of honey flowers begin to bloom from June to September, during the period of honey harvesting for the winter. Their diverse number grows throughout Russia, the plants are mainly attributed to weeds. Most of the species grows in meadows, floodplains, forest edges, along wastelands on roadsides.
Chicory Honey Plant
A perennial plant of the Asteraceae family, found throughout the territory of the Russian Federation. Chicory grows on the roadsides, on the wastelands can form dense thickets. The plant belongs to summer honey plants, flowering occurs at the beginning of July to mid-August, approximately 40-45 days.
- 150 cm high;
- forms several straight-growing branched stems;
- the lower leaves are pinnate, the surface is rough, dark green with a light central vein, stem lanceolate grow rarely, small, sharp;
- flowers are formed from the middle of the stem in the leaf sinuses, flower baskets of blue or blue.
Chicory is characterized by high productivity of nectar and pollen, the collection is 80 kg per 1 ha.
Cornflower meadow honey plant
The meadow cornflower belongs to the Aster family. Growing area:
- Non-chernozem zone;
- North Caucasus.
Occurs on flat terrain, meadows, mountain slopes, forest edges and clearings. Refers to weeds, if found among crops. Blossoming period is 75 days, from June to September.
External characteristic of the honey plant:
- grows in height to 1 m;
- stems are straight, ribbed, with a lot of shoots;
- lower leaves are large lanceolate, lower ones are narrow, long, pointed;
- single flower baskets, funnel-shaped flowers on the edge, central tubular lilac-pink.
The plant produces nectar and pollen, gives 112 kg per 1 ha. Honey is thick, dark, does not crystallize for a long time.
Cornflower field honey plant
Cornflower is a field plant, belonging to the Astrov family, a perennial asteraceae distributed throughout Russia and former CIS countries. A drought-resistant plant produces nectar during the dry season; it is often the only source of pollen when other plants stop growing season due to moisture deficiency.
It grows in the arid lands of the steppe zone, forest edges, roadsides. Treats weeds with well developed root system. The flowering period of honey plant is the end of June, the beginning of August.
Description of honey plant:
- height - 85 cm;
- stems upright with numerous shoots;
- single flower baskets, located on the top of the stems;
- tubular petals bright blue.
1 flower contains 5 servings of pollen. Bribe nectar from 1 ha - 130 kg.
Herbaceous perennial, meadow geranium is found near the roads, on the edges, grows in meadows, along the banks of reservoirs. The flowering period is 70 days, from June to August.
It grows in the form of a low grassy bush, the flowers are numerous, small in size, bright blue or purple. Grows, as a rule, geranium away from the apiary.Attention! Collected nectar by 50% goes to bee feed during the flight and on the way to the hive and back.
The plant's medoproduktivnosti low - 52 kg / 1 ha, with the condition of a solid landing.
Kulbaba belongs to the aster family. Perennial honey plant grows in the Caucasus and the European part of Russia on the meadows and edges of the forest. It blooms from June to early October.
The stems of the flower are upright, reach a height of 65 cm. The inflorescences in the form of a basket are located on the top of the stem. Reed flowers, yellow. Honey flower produces nectar even at +5 air temperature0 C. The value of the plant is that in the autumn of flowering honey plants there are only a few. Productivity - 100 kg / 1 ha.
The monogolovka is widespread throughout the territory of the Russian Federation, it grows along the banks of rivers, in scrublands, in meadows, in marshy areas. The plant blooms within a month, from June to July.
Perennial honey plant reaches a height of 35 cm. The creeping rhizome, the vegetation of the plant is fast. Chernogolovka rapidly occupies vacant areas. The flowers are blue or purple, collected in inflorescences in the form of an ear. The plant belongs to good honey plants, bees collect nectar and pollen from the plant all day. Medoproduktivnost blackheads - 95 kg per 1 ha.
Mint belongs to the family yasnotkovyh. A perennial plant grows to 0.5 m, there are specimens not higher than 20 cm. It refers to weeds. Mint is found in the fields, among the plantings, in the boundary of the gardens. Mint thickets located on the banks of rivers, old riverbeds, roadsides, in empty wet areas. Flowering time - July-September.
Honey plant with dense foliage on numerous stems. The flowers are light pink, gathered in dense whorls in the shape of an elongated oval. Inflorescences are formed in the axils of the upper leaves. Medonos in mint is long, but small - 62 kg / 1 ha.
Honey flowers with photos and names will help determine the choice for planting in the garden so that the bees are provided with nectar from spring to autumn. Presents the best views for mass plantings in a large area near the beekeeping farms. The general characteristics of wild plants will help determine the parking lot for field apiaries.