Growing different types of vegetables on the same bed is not a new technique. More Indians in America planted corn, beans and pumpkin together.
The pumpkin protected the ground with its leaves from the heat and slowed down the growth of weeds. Corn planted next to it, could protect the pumpkin from overheating, and the beans were able to enrich the soil with nitrogen, so necessary for the first two crops. And in Russia often used joint planting of herbs and vegetables to protect against pests. But in the last hundred years, a lot has been forgotten, although in other countries there was a constant accumulation of experience in using joint planting of vegetables.
The compatibility of vegetables on the beds allows better use of the available land, and it can also look very beautiful from the outside. Only in this case there are many nuances. To take into account all of them, it is necessary to draw up a detailed plan of the site and think over in advance all possible landing patterns.
What are the combined landing
In fact, in nature it is difficult to find large fields consisting entirely of a single culture. Most often, you can find a large variety of plants that help and support each other. But for a man, above all, productivity is important. So with the combined plantings, you can get from one and the same area several times the yield of various vegetables and herbs.
Moreover, with proper planning, it becomes possible to get a steady harvest of fresh vegetables from early spring to late autumn.Attention! Compatibility of plants in garden beds often avoids the use of chemical protection against pests, since plants protect each other themselves.
Mixed planting allows you to completely close the ground and do not give will to weeds. In addition, they do not give such a one-sided depletion of the soil, which often occurs during mono planting of vegetables.
Finally, many plants growing in close proximity can improve the taste of their neighbors and the nutritional value of their fruits.
There is a whole group of plants that favorably act on almost any vegetables if planted next to them. These are so-called fragrant herbs. There are also special pairs of vegetables and herbs, which are desirable to plant next to each other. For example, basil can improve the taste of tomatoes planted nearby, and dill in the same way affects cabbage.Tip! Such aromatic plants as onions and garlic, highlighting a large number of volatile production, have a favorable effect on many vegetables, so they can be planted with almost anyone.
Well-matched vegetables are cucumber and corn. Corn protects the cucumber from the scorching heat and at the same time serves as a support for its long lashes.
Below is a table where you can combine vegetables for a beneficial effect.
Speaking of good neighbors, one can not fail to mention the role of legumes. They are able to recycle nitrogen from the air using the special nodule bacteria that exist on their roots. Therefore, they can supply nitrogen to nearby plants. Although the maximum nitrogen is released after the plants die. Therefore, after the legumes, you can plant any plants that are demanding on the nitrogen content in the soil, for example, pumpkin or cabbage.
For foreign gardeners, a favorite plant that is actively used in joint plantings is spinach. Its roots secrete special substances that help absorb nutrients from the soil. Spinach coexists wonderfully on the same bed with potatoes, beets, tomatoes, and beans. In addition, its leaves cover the soil, while other plants are still small, and protect it from drying out and from the dominance of weeds.
Usually, this category includes plants that scare away insects, but not only. Often fragrant herbs, planted next to vegetables, more confuse pests, do not allow them to find an attractive plant by smell. For example, to protect cabbage from beds of cabbage shovels and earthen fleas, you can plant a number of strongly fragrant plants, such as sage and thyme. Garlic is planted to protect roses from aphids, basil near the beans to protect them from the bean weevil.
From the table below you can find out which plants protect against the main pests of garden crops.
Plants that can not be planted next
Relationships of hostility are rarely observed between plants. Poor compatibility is most often due to their secretions of the roots or leaves, which can inhibit the growth of neighbors. For example, sage gets along badly with onions, marigolds adversely affect the beans. Kale does not like the neighborhood with tansy, and potatoes - with quinoa.A warning! There is a species among vegetables that does not get along well with everyone and needs to be planted strictly separately. This is fennel.
Naturally, plants of similar height and size of leaves get along badly if planted too closely. For example, various types of cabbage and pumpkins.Comment! Not very fond of growing together representatives of one family of plants. This is especially true for umbrella: dill, parsley, celery, parsnip, coriander.
Options for combining vegetables
The most interesting way to grow vegetables in mixed plantings is to combine them not only horizontally, but also vertically. Not only in space, but also in time. To obtain good yields you should observe the following rules:
- Vegetables that belong to the same family should not follow each other, neither in small crop rotation (during one season), nor in large. Especially strictly it is necessary to observe in relation to the vegetables of the specimen family (beet, chard, spinach). Since they have a particularly developed sensitivity to their own root secretions.
- Combine the plants on the same bed with different nutritional requirements. The main most demanding vegetable culture is located in the middle of the garden, on the edges of the garden there are less demanding plants. It is also important to have a number of plants with shallow and deep root system, so that they do not interfere with each other.
- Plants should be combined with each other on the requirements of heat and moisture. So, the most demanding to watering are all cabbage and pumpkin. Less demanding - tomatoes, roots, lettuce, spinach. All onion, beans, peas are completely undemanding to moisture.
Examples of mixed plantings of vegetables with different ripening periods make it possible to get something like a green conveyor during the whole season.
For example, on a bed one meter wide, planted every ten centimeters:
- leaf lettuce alternating with radish every 10 cm;
- kohlrabi cabbage salad is planted through a single plant;
- spinach three rows;
- one row of early potatoes;
- spinach two rows.
A total of 9 rows of vegetables and herbs. All these cultures are perfectly combined with each other. The first about 6 weeks after sowing, you can remove the spinach. Its leaves are cut, and the roots remain in the ground and serve as fertilizer for the soil. At the same time, the watercress is ripening, it is also cut off, thereby releasing another row. Then the radish is harvested, and the lettuce is cut through one, allowing others to grow in breadth.
A week later, the head of lettuce is removed, and the kohlrabi gets a lot of space for tying good heads. The last potato is removed. As a result, about 11 kg of products can be collected from one square meter of such mixed plantings of vegetables.
Another interesting example is the combination of vegetables both horizontally and vertically.
For this, the bed should be located from west to east, and on its very northern edge a trellis is set for high culture, in this case curling beans. The next row will be low-growing tomatoes indented between rows of 20 cm, then, after 20 cm, carrots, then onions, and the last fifth row can be planted some kind of scaring herb, like basil.Important! In this case, the beans must be planted before the tomato. And tomato bushes are planted on a bed only when the beans are strong and mature.
Carrots and onions are among the first to be planted on this bed. In this case, all vegetables are harvested almost simultaneously.
In order for you to be able to create your own mixed planting options yourself, the table below shows the compatibility of basic vegetables that are grown in vegetable gardens.
Using this table you can try creating different versions of mixed plantings of vegetables. If you use mixed plantings of vegetables in the whole garden, then even crop rotation is no longer so relevant, since this option of planting can help get rid of the accumulation of diseases in the soil.
Try it, create your own options for mixed plantings, just do not take absolutely all the information listed in the table on faith. It is best to check them on your own garden. Because plants, like any living creature, can behave unpredictably.