Pepper, despite its reputation for being capricious and demanding to the conditions of plant care, dreams of growing each gardener. Indeed, in its fruits more than six times ascorbic acid, compared with citrus plants. And in taste it is rare what kind of vegetable can compete with it. In addition, without hot peppers, it is inconceivable to prepare a variety of adzhik, seasonings, sauces and vegetable preparations for the winter. In fact, the cultivation of modern varieties and hybrids of pepper is not so difficult if you provide the plants with sufficient heat and moisture. In areas with unstable weather conditions, it is possible to use additional film covers. Pepper is also very demanding on nutrition. And in adverse conditions, it can be subject to various fungal diseases. Therefore, it will be difficult, perhaps, to do without regular dressings and treatments.
At the same time, many gardeners are currently trying to avoid the use of chemical fertilizers and means of protection in order to get not only tasty, but also healthy fruits. What kind of natural folk remedies can help in this situation? In the case of pepper, ordinary iodine can help out, which is easy to find in the first-aid kit of each house. After all, iodine is able to serve for pepper not only as a fertilizer, but also as a growth promoter, and means of protection. But first things first.
Iodine and its effect on plants
Iodine is one of the many trace elements that is quite common in nature, but it is found in very small concentrations, therefore it is a relatively rare substance. Its content can vary greatly in different regions on different soils.Attention! As a rule, the content of iodine in the soils of coastal areas, as well as in chernozem and chestnut soils is sufficient for normal plant development.
But most podzolic soils, sierozems and salt marshes often lack iodine content.
At the same time, experiments conducted in recent decades have shown that iodine:
- Able to increase the content of vitamin C in some cultures, in particular, in pepper.
- A beneficial effect on productivity, as it stimulates the growth and development of garden crops.
- A positive effect on the size, color, and taste of grown fruits.
Such a multilateral effect of iodine on plants is primarily due to the fact that with the help of iodine in plants, the digestibility of nitrogen compounds is improved. And nitrogen is one of the main elements that plants need for good growth.
Thus, the use of iodine as a feed for peppers is a scientifically sound fact. However, it is required for the normal development of plants very little, so as a separate type of fertilizer, it is not produced. Especially since it is contained in manure and in ash, often used for plant nutrition.
Nevertheless, it is quite possible to prepare and use a separate iodine solution.Comment! Fruits formed on plants that received iodine supplements in sufficient quantity are also saturated with these microelements.
And it can be very healthy for modern acute iodine deficiency in food.
Ways to use iodine for pepper dressing
Interestingly, iodine can be used at various stages of pepper development.
Seed treatment and seedlings
Iodine is often used at the stage of seed treatment. To prepare the required solution is enough to dissolve one drop of iodine in a liter of water. In this solution, pepper seeds are soaked for about 6 hours. After soaking the seeds are immediately sown in the prepared land mixture. This procedure promotes the acceleration of germination and the emergence of a large number of strong and strong shoots.
For feeding seedlings of pepper, you can also use iodine solution. When young plants appear 2-3 true leaves, they are watered with a solution obtained by dissolving one drop of iodine in three liters of water. One such procedure will be sufficient before planting the seedlings into the ground, so that it will acquire increased resistance to various fungal diseases.
Iodine as a dressing for adult peppers
After planting the seedlings of peppers in the ground, plants can be treated with iodine as a method of watering at the root, and using foliar top dressing - that is, sprinkling whole pepper bushes.
To use iodine as a fertilizer, it is enough to dissolve 3 drops of iodine in 10 liters of water and shed the pepper bushes with the resulting solution, using one liter under the plant.Tip! This procedure is best carried out during the set of brushes.
As a result, fruits can grow by 15% more in size than without top dressing, and their ripening time is reduced.
If it is easier for you to use foliar feeding of peppers, then 2 drops of iodine are diluted in one liter of water. The resulting solution can process plants in the open ground every 10 days. Enough three treatments per season. When growing peppers in greenhouses, it is sufficient to hold two foliar dressings with a solution of iodine with a time interval between them of 15 days.
The use of iodine as a means of protecting peppers
Also foliar top dressings are used for simultaneous protection of peppers from diseases. The solution is very effective for prophylactic protection against late blight and powdery mildew, prepared as follows:
Take 10 liters of water at room temperature, mix with one liter of whey, 40 drops of iodine tincture and one tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide. Mix thoroughly, spray pepper bushes with this mixture so that all the twigs and leaves are not overlooked, especially on the back side.
There is also another recipe that helps well against late blight, even if the disease has already affected peppers.
It is necessary to heat 8 liters of water to a boiling state and add 2 liters of sifted wood ash there. After the solution has cooled to room temperature, the contents of a standard iodine vial and 10 g of boric acid are mixed in with it. The resulting mixture is infused for 12 hours. When feeding the peppers, one liter of the mixture is taken, diluted in a 10-liter bucket of water, and with this solution the pepper bushes are shed below the root. Treatment with the solution according to the above recipe will stop the development of late blight, but it is better to remove the affected parts of the plant.Attention! This recipe is usually used after the formation of ovaries on the bushes of pepper.
Rules for feeding pepper iodine
It is imperative to take into account the fact that iodine is a toxic substance. The use of only 3 grams of this element can lead to irreparable consequences for a person.
- Therefore, it is necessary to very accurately follow the recommended dosage in the manufacture of iodine solutions for feeding peppers.
- When spraying peppers with iodine solution, even the smallest concentration is recommended to protect your eyes with special glasses.
- For plants, exceeding the recommended doses is also quite dangerous, as it can lead to curvature in the form of fruits.
- It is desirable to conduct foliar feeding of peppers only in cloudy weather in order to avoid getting burns on the leaves.
- As with all supplements, the spilling of iodine solution under the root should be carried out only after pre-watering the plants with water.
As you can see, supplementation with iodine can bring very great benefits when growing peppers, provided that all precautionary rules are followed.