Cherry tomatoes are one of the few plants that have recently been introduced into the crop, unlike other tomatoes that have been cultivated for more than one century. Small cherry tomatoes quickly became fashionable. And deservedly, they have many undeniable merits, among which are excellent taste. Among the large-fruited tomatoes there are no such sweet varieties.Attention! In small-fruited tomatoes the concentration of nutrients is almost two times higher than in large-fruited varieties.
Growing cherry tomatoes has its own characteristics. There are many varieties for any conditions. Among the small-fruited tomatoes there are liana-like plants that reach three meters and even crumbs, barely above 30 cm. It is the latter that are suitable not only for open ground and greenhouses, but also for the balcony and even for an apartment. Among them are varieties that are specially adapted to the lack of lighting. The root system of these kids is compact, which allows them to grow in flower pots.
Cherry for the balcony
What requirements must meet the varieties of tomatoes for balconies?
- They have to keep up quickly.
- Differ in small size.
- Be undemanding to growing conditions.
Cherry varieties for home or balcony
You can grow the following varieties of cherry at home.
- Traditional and familiar: Balcony miracle, Bonsai, Minibel, Lukoshko on the window, Pinocchio. All these varieties are early, very compact, give tasty and elegant fruits. But they have one drawback - they start fruiting early, and they finish it quickly.
- Newly created Cherry hybrids: Ira F1, Cherry Licopa F1, Cherry Cyrus F1, Cherry Maksik F1, Cherry Lisa F1 are deprived of this disadvantage. Planted in a container of at least 8 liters, they can bear fruit until January, even in room conditions. But these hybrids will require formation and garters.
Tip! Plant these tomatoes in containers in the spring, keep them outside for the entire warm period, and with the onset of cold weather bring them into the room.
They will prolong the season of consumption of fresh and healthy tomatoes. But for the continuation of fruiting they will need lights.
Cherry in the open ground
For the cultivation of cherry tomatoes in the open field in the middle lane is better to pick up determinant varieties and hybrids that are sown early
Cherry Blossom F1
This is a powerful plant with a height of 1 m. It ripens early, after 100 days. To harvest a good crop, this hybrid is led to 3 trunks, a garter is needed. Fruits are red and round, weighing about 30 g. Well preserved.
Red round tomatoes are weighing 20 grams or more. The bush is low, only 50 cm, does not need formation and garter.
This is a low grade of cherry, not more than 50 cm, it is distinguished by early ripening and rather large red fruits - up to 30 g. The variety can be not tied up and not pasynkovat.
Tip! These tomatoes tolerate thickened planting, up to 6 bushes per 1 square meter.
A very sweet hybrid with yellow-orange plum fruits weighing up to 30 g. It is medium-early for ripening, you will have to wait 110 days to ripen the first fruit. Multiple brush can consist of 28 tomatoes. The bush grows up to 80 cm. Form a plant in 2-3 trunks, the garter is obligatory.
Small-fruited tomatoes are most fruitful when grown in a greenhouse. A long period of up to 6 months of fruiting allows you to extend the time of consumption of this delicacy for a long time. In order to fully utilize the entire space of the greenhouse, it is better to grow tall indeterminant varieties in it.Tip! Polycarbonate greenhouses - the best for growing tomatoes cherry.
It is there that they fully realize their potential and give a record harvest. In the heat of this greenhouse needs constant airing.
Cherry for the greenhouse
Kish Mish red, orange and yellow F1
Hybrids that differ only in the color of the fruit. Grow above 1.5 m, the term of ripening is medium-early. Small fruits, only about 20 g, but very sweet. Multiple fruit brush, the number of tomatoes in it can reach 50 pieces.Tip! These hybrids are prone to overload with fruits, which is why their ripening period slows down.
Plants need not only a garter and the formation of 2 stalks, but also in the rationing of the crop. More than 6 brushes do not need to leave on it.
Miracle bunch F1
Indeterminant tomato with complex tassels, consisting of red balls weighing 20 g. The variety is early ripe, you need to form and garter.
The variety is indeterminate, mid-season, dark, almost black. The type of fruit is a cocktail, the weight is about 35 g. We need a form in 2 or 3 trunks and a garter.
Tall to 3.5 m grade, ripening is very early. The first cherry fruit can be tasted after 65 days. Tomatoes are small, typical cherry trees weighing about 25 g. They carry this tomato in one stem with obligatory garter.Attention! In addition to all the advantages inherent in cherry tomatoes, black fruits have one more: they contain anthocyanins - the most powerful antioxidants.
Wherever you are going to grow cherry tomatoes, you will have to begin this process by growing seedlings. When to sow seeds for seedlings? For each region, the sowing time will be different. Calculate them, knowing that by the time of planting the age of young tomatoes should be from 55 to 60 days. For later varieties, it should be one and a half weeks more, and for early ones it may be less.
Stages of growing seedlings of cherry tomatoes
Growing cherry tomatoes begins with seeds. Proper preparation of them for sowing is a pledge of strong seedlings and the overall health of the tomato as a whole. Seeds are treated, keeping in 1% solution of manganese-acid potassium for 20 minutes, then washed with running water and treated with a growth stimulator, for example, with epinum or vitalizer HB 101 according to the instructions.
Tip! Both of these operations can be replaced by one - soak the seeds in aloe juice, which is an antiseptic and biological stimulant.
If fresh seeds are soaked - juice is diluted twice with water, if seeds are questionable in terms of germination, it is not necessary to dilute the juice. Soaking time about one day. If the seeds are processed by the manufacturer, which is necessarily written on the package, then they are sown without preparation.
Prepared seeds are sown in the ground. It is best to buy a specialized soil for tomatoes. Seeds are sown in containers to a depth of 0.5 cm.
A warning! For each variety of cherry tomatoes will need a separate container. Germination and germination time for each variety of their own.
The soil should be wet, but not waterlogged. Seeds need to sprinkle with earth and cover the container with glass or film, you can put it in a plastic bag.Tip! On top of the seeds covered with soil, you can put snow, if it is still on the street.
Melt water, in which it will turn, has amazing properties and is very useful for future seedlings. If possible, the seedlings are also well watered with melt water. Useful properties remain in it within 12 hours after thawing of snow.
The appearance of the first loops of germination - a signal that you need to put the container with the seedlings on the brightest place on the windowsill. The package must be removed. Reducing the temperature to 15 degrees during the day and 12 at night is an important condition so that young shoots do not stretch. After 5-6 days, the temperature is raised and maintained at the optimum level: in the daytime about 20 degrees and about 16 at night.
When the seedlings release the third leaf, and it happens a month after the emergence, it is necessary to proceed with its picking. 3 hours before it, the seedlings are well watered. Each plant needs to be planted in a separate cup, at the same time pinching the central root so that the tomatoes form a strong and branched root system prior to planting.
A warning! Never take young plants when picking by the stem.
It is best not to touch the plant at all, choosing a clod of earth with roots neatly, but if it does not work out, it is permissible to hold the seedlings by the leaves.
If you grow several varieties of cherry tomatoes, then to not confuse anything, each cup is better to sign.Attention! Different varieties of cherry tomatoes require different care and formation.
Some gardeners for picking use special cluster nurseries. They are equipped with a pallet that will keep the window sill clean.
After picking a few days, the seedlings are shaved so that the seedlings settle down better. Further care for it consists in careful watering and fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizer with a frequency of once every 2 weeks.Tip! Instead of water, for watering once a week, use a solution of vitalizer HB 101.
It needs only 1-2 drops per liter. Seedlings will be much stronger and will not stretch so much.
Cherry in the open ground
In open ground, seedlings are planted, if frost is no longer expected. The planting pattern depends on the tomato habitus. The smaller the plant, the less food it requires. On average, 1 square. m beds planted 4 plants. Preparation of beds and landing holes is the same as for large-fruited varieties. The beds in autumn are fertilized with humus and superphosphate, respectively 10 kg and 80 g per 1 sq. Km. m. The landing holes are filled with a handful of humus, and better than compost, add a tablespoon of ash there. Cherry tomatoes love fertile soil, but an excess of nitrogen is harmful to them. Tomatoes are especially demanding for potash fertilizers.
Attention! These tomatoes are prone to the formation of a large number of stepsons, excess nitrogen will increase this trend.
Seedlings before planting need to be taught to the new conditions of existence. To do this, in warm weather, it is carried out to the open air, at first briefly, gradually increasing its time on the street. On warm nights you can not bring it home.
Planted well-watered seedlings, carefully removing it from the cup. Plants are buried to the first true leaf. Well need to pour, not less than a liter per tomato. On top of the soil sprinkled with dry earth or humus to reduce the evaporation of water. Planted tomatoes are covered with spunbond, it is covered with arcs to protect young plants from the sun.
When tomatoes take root, about a week later, they are watered for the first time. In the future, cherry tomatoes watered regularly, increasing the amount of water during the filling of the fruit.
Attention! Cherry tomatoes are prone to cracking fruits if the irrigation regime is not followed.
Therefore, they need to be watered regularly, without waiting for the soil to dry completely. Excessive moisture is also harmful to tomatoes. Therefore, you need to respect the middle ground.
To feed begin no earlier than 15 days after disembarkation. The first fertilizing do complex fertilizer with microelements.Tip! If the plants do not develop well, you can make foliar feeding with nitrogen-containing fertilizer.
In the initial period, cherry tomatoes need a sufficient amount of phosphorus to form the root system. This is an insoluble element, so it is so important to bring it back in the fall so that it can dissolve by the time of planting. Well help to increase the root system and humates. In order to assimilate them better, it is better to conduct foliar feeding with their solution.
Further feeding should be regular, every 2 weeks. It is better to use a water-soluble fertilizer with a NPK ratio of 1: 0.5: 1.8. During the growing season it is necessary to conduct foliar feeding with a solution of boric acid and the same solution of calcium nitrate. I need tomatoes and magnesium, especially on sandy and sandy soils.
Cherry Tomato Formation
This is a very important operation. If you do not stick the tomatoes, ripening is delayed. Most often, cherry tomatoes in the open field leave one trunk and stepson under the bottom floral brush. If the summer is warm, it is permissible to leave the stepson above the floral brush, forming a tomato in three trunks. No stepchild only stem varieties of cherry tomatoes.Attention! Garter all cherry tomatoes - a mandatory event.
Growing cherry tomatoes is impossible without concern for the health of the plants. This type of tomato is considered quite resistant to diseases. But preventive treatments from phytophthora are obligatory for them. Before the formation of the first flower brush, it is permissible to use chemical fungicides. With the beginning of flowering, it is better to switch to traditional methods.
In the fight against diseases, mulching the soil around tomatoes provides good assistance. If the plants do not touch the ground, they are much less likely to get sick. In addition, the mulch will keep the soil moist, which will allow for less watering of cherry tomatoes, the earth will become more friable and fertile. Hay or any grass that does not contain weed seeds is suitable for mulch. The thickness of the mulch layer should not be less than 5 cm.
Attention! The mulch layer becomes thinner over time, so it needs to be updated in a timely manner by adding mulch material.
Cherry in the greenhouse
Growing a cherry tomato in a greenhouse is not much different from growing in open ground. The distance between plants when planting depends on how much they will be loaded with a crop. If you plan to keep the plants in 3 stalks, it is better to leave at least 70 cm between the tomatoes.Tip! Best of all the cherry work out in polycarbonate greenhouses. There they can give maximum yield.
Caring for cherry tomatoes in the greenhouse, in addition to watering, fertilizing and formation, includes the observance of the correct thermal conditions. On hot days, greenhouses need to be aired, not allowing the temperature to rise above 30 degrees. This is not only stress for plants. Pollen in such conditions becomes sterile, pollination and fruit set does not occur.Tip! Tomatoes are self-pollinating plants, but to increase the number of ovaries, marigolds or basil can be planted between them.
They will not only attract pollinating insects, but also improve the taste of the fruit.
An important event in the greenhouse cultivation of cherry tomatoes is timely nipping of the tops of the plants. It should be held a month before the air temperature is set below plus 8 degrees. This will allow all the little tomatoes to ripen on the bushes.Attention! The taste of cherry tomatoes becomes much worse if they have to be farmed.
Cherry on the balcony and at home
It is not always possible to grow tomatoes in the country, but you can do it at home. It is small-fruited tomatoes - the best option for growing on the balcony. Consider growing tomato cherry on the balcony step by step.
Seedlings for tomatoes on the balcony can be grown in the traditional way. But, it is possible to sow tomatoes and immediately to a permanent place - in pots of at least 3 l. For insurance, plant at least 3 seeds in each pot. After germination leave the most powerful plant.
A very important point - the time of sowing. They depend not only on the desire of the home gardener, but also on the ability to organize lighting for the plants.Tip! You can sow tomato seeds in several terms, starting in February and ending in April, then the period of consumption of tasty fruits will stretch.
Further care of the tomatoes on the balcony will consist in providing it with moisture, nutrition and light.
The limited volume of the pot involves fairly frequent watering, especially in the hot season. With a lack of moisture, the ovaries on plants can fall off. Overflowing tomatoes is fraught with root decay. It should be watered if the topsoil to a depth of 2 cm is dry. Excess water from the pan after watering is removed.
A small amount of soil will not allow cherry tomatoes to grow without regular dressings. It is better to carry out their water-soluble complex fertilizer, for example, Kemira Lux, with a frequency of two weeks. You can alternate mineral supplements with organic. For such small volumes, it is better to buy ready-made organic fertilizer in the store and use it in accordance with the instructions.
With insufficient light, the process of photosynthesis in plants slows down, which affects not only its development, but also its yield. Tomatoes grow well if the window or balcony is oriented to the south, southeast or southwest. If this is not possible, you have to highlight the cherry tomatoes. Light day for them should be at least 12 hours.Attention! In early spring and autumn, plants need light on any window.
When the term of the growing season of tomato comes to an end, the plant can be propagated by stepchildren. Break off a scion from a tomato bush and place it in water. In a week, he will grow roots, and he can be planted in a pot with soil.Attention! The tomatoes multiplied in this way quickly begin to bloom and bear fruit.
This breeding method is suitable not only for cherry tomatoes, but also for any tomato.
The formation of low-growing standard tomatoes is not necessary, but it will be useful to strengthen the bush with a garter so that the pot does not overturn under the weight of the fruit.Tip! Cherry tomatoes, grown in hanging pots of at least 4-5 l, look very beautiful.
The best hybrids are Cascade Red F1 and Cascade Elo F1 in red and yellow.
Cherry tomatoes are a great alternative to large-fruited tomatoes. Properly selected varieties of cherry lose very little in their yield, but benefit in taste and benefit.