Garden

Pig palmate: photo

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Every gardener and gardener annually conducts intensive weed control. These annoying plants spread rapidly throughout the site. One has only to relax a little, as they immediately cover the entire vegetable garden with a thick “carpet”. They take away strength from the soil, and also shade a cultivated plant. One of these weeds is the finger finger. He is familiar to almost all gardeners. It is necessary to understand what kind of grass and how to get rid of the unwanted "guest."

Features of the pig

Most often swine is found on the territory of the Crimea, the Caucasus, the Southern Volga region, as well as in some Central Asian countries. Loves dry hot climate. The plant begins to bloom in June and ends in the late fall. It can multiply as seeds and the root system. After the shedding, the seeds of the pig are rarely sprouting. Mostly plant reproduction occurs due to the rhizome.

Attention! About 2000 seeds can form on one plant.

The roots of Svinora have thick, large scales. Are located horizontally or with a slope to the ground surface. The roots have the ability to form the ascending processes, which then germinate outside and form green leaves. Such shoots can quickly crawl along the ground, rooting and forming new young stems. Then the end of the shoot is buried in the ground again. Because of this ability, the plant was called swineroi. This process can continue for a very long time, giving more and more new shoots.

It is impossible to say exactly which type of root system belongs to the pig. It can move from sympodial to monopodial. Also, the roots of the plant are both aboveground and underground. This feature helps the weed to grow very quickly, taking possession of large areas. Pig unpretentious to the composition of the soil, and can grow absolutely in any soil. The photo clearly shows how much the pig can grow.

In untreated land, the plant spreads due to its creeping whips. Pig is able to displace other vegetation from the site. In loose, well-treated soil, the pig breeds mainly by underground rhizomes. The fight against this plant is hampered by the rapid growth of the rhizome, destroying other cultures. Also, the powerful roots greatly impede the processing of the soil.

Important! In the treated soil, the pig plunges into the ground by 22 cm, and in untreated soil only by 18 cm.

The stalks of the swinar branch immediately at the base of the plant. They can grow up to 30 cm in height. There are also plants up to 50 cm high. The leaves are lanceolate, pointed. They are rather stiff and rough, sparse hairs can occur. The leaf color is green with a dark gray or bluish tinge. Spike-shaped twigs form the inflorescence collected in the upper part of the plant. The length of each branch is about 6-7 cm. In one inflorescence there can be from 3 to 8 such branches.

Each spike of a pig has an oblong shape. They are located on one side of the branches of inflorescences in 2 rows. Spikelets single-flowered or two-woven with membranous scales. The fruit is in floral scales, with which it falls off when ripe. The grain of the pig is oblong-ovoid. The flat trihedral fruit has a length of about 3 mm and a width of at least 1 mm. The ripened floral scales are straw yellow in color but may be green with a purple hue.

Measures to combat svinoroy

Many gardeners are puzzled, wondering how to get rid of the pig. The following tips will help make the fight with the plant effective and fairly quick. When sowing or planting various crops, consider the degree of contamination of the site by the Ligorium. Areas where the plants can be planted quite a bit with cotton. In some areas, such places are allocated for planting industrial and tilled crops. But the fields and gardens, where the palm finger spread much, suitable for growing crops.

To destroy the weed should be carried out deep autumn plowing soil. In this case, tillage should be necessarily early, immediately after the crop was harvested. The soil is plowed to the depth of root germination (about 22 cm), placing the layers on the edge so that the soil can dry out well. Then all the roots of the plants are combed out. It is also possible to carry out stubble peeling with the help of special plows.

Attention! Shelling does not only help get rid of annoying weeds, but also improves soil fertility.

A month after the peeling, it is necessary to carry out deep plowing of the soil with combing the roots of the plants. Next year, the ground must be kept under a black steam. This means that the whole season the field should not be planted with anything. The following procedures for dealing with Lipidoria are in the following sequence:

  • spring is carried out combing rhizomes of plants with a spring cultivator;
  • at the beginning of May, the soil is again plowed to the depth of germination of the root system, after which immediate cleaning of the remnants of the roots is immediately carried out;
  • throughout the summer should be about 4 perepashki soil to a depth of about 10 cm with combing the roots of plants.

In the spring of next year it will be necessary to plow the ground again and comb out the last remnants of the rhizomes of the pig. After all these procedures, you can begin to sow crops. You may have to harrow the soil several times, but it's worth it.

Important! Before sowing cotton in spring, the soil is plowed to a depth of about 7-8 cm, and during irrigated agriculture the depth increases to 18 cm.

Plowing soil with omash or disc tools can lead to even greater spread of pigtails, so these tools are not used in clogged areas. On the territory of Central Asia, where the pig grows in large quantities, it is often necessary to carry out repeated spring plowing of the soil for a better result.

Conclusion

Now you know for sure that it is necessary to start to get rid of the swinefish right away, until the weed has become the main plant in the garden. The article describes in detail the effective method of how to destroy the pig.

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